Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) is a comprehensive integrated public health approach to the delivery of early intervention and treatment services for people with substance use disorders as well as those who are at risk for developing.
It consists of three major components:
Assess the patient for risky substance use behaviors using a standardized screening measure (typically the AUDIT, ASSIST, or DAST).
Engage a patient showing signs of risky use in a short conversation about their use, using motivational techniques to provide feedback and enhance motivation for change.
3.Referral to Treatment
For those identified as possibly dependent on a substance or needing additional services, offer information on how to access treatment.
SBIRT is designed for use by providers who don’t specialize in SUD treatment and can be offered in any public health, medical, or related setting, including emergency departments, primary care physicians’ offices, community clinics, and even schools/universities.